双解释义

n.

  • [C]物,东西 a material object that need not or can not be named
  • [C]人,动物 a person or an animal; a garment
  • [S]需要之物,想要之物 that which is necessary or desirable
  • [C]某一点,事 a separate but nonphysical object that can be thought about or talked about, such as a quality, idea, or statement
  • [C]行动,行为,事件 that which has been or will be done, an action, activity, or event
  • [C]题目,事情 a subject, matter
  • [P]所有物,财物,用品 personal possessions, belongings
  • [P]情况,形势 the general state of affairs at a particular time; situation

必备例句

  1. That was the only thing they could count on.那是他们唯一依靠的东西。
  2. I happened on just the thing I’d been looking for.我偶然发现了我一直在寻找的东西。
  3. He explained the whole thing from way back.他把整件事情解释得很透彻。
  4. However, teaching is by no means an easy thing.然而,教书并不是一容易的事情。

必会语块

  1. the most important thing 最重要的事
  2. the same thing 同样的事情
  3. the valuable thing 贵重物品
  4. the personal things 私人物品
  5. the way of doing things 处事方法
  6. living things 生物

词义辨析

thing, affair, business, concern, matter 这组词在含糊地指那些所做的事时意义相近,常可互换。例如:

  • It is a regretful affair〔business, concern, matter, thing〕.这是一件遗憾的事。
  • I don’t talk to her about private affairs〔business, concerns, matters, things〕.我从不和她谈私事。

它们之间的区别在于:

1.从模糊程度上看, affair<matter<thing, thing的词义最不确切,常可用在有意使概念含混不清的场合。例如:

How did you find things in America?你觉得美国怎样?

2.从含义上看, affair强调运行或操作过程,如一道程序,一笔交易,一个行动,一项事业等。business强调职责关系,例如:

  • It is her business to take good care of the baby.看护好这个婴儿是她的职责。

concern强调利害相关,例如:

  • It is no concern of mine.此事与我无关。

matter强调必须考虑和处理,例如:

  • We have a lot of matters to do.我们有许多事情要做。

thing则是一般用语,口语中常表示说话内容预先未考虑好或说话者力图掩饰自己的观点,例如:

  • I’ve another thing to talk with you.我还有一件事跟你说。

3.从用法上看, business不能用复数,而affair在指重大的或头绪较多的事务时则需要用复数。

4.从搭配范围上看,与foreign、international、state等词连用时只能用affair,在短语have an affair with sb (与某人有不正当男女关系)中也只能用affair。在指商业上的生意和活动或指“公事”“正事”时只能用business,例如:

  • It’s a pleasure to do business with you.很高兴和你做生意。
  • Business before pleasure.公事比娱乐要紧。

口语中作“出了毛病”“失常”解时,只能用matter而不能用affair和business,例如:

  • What’s the matter with you? 你怎么啦?

在泛指“东西”“物品”时,用affair和thing均可。例如:

  • And these Tubes were convenient things〔affairs〕.而这地下铁道是非常方便的东西。

 

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